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Sự kiện:  Học tập, Tiếng Anh

Tổng hợp các từ nối (connecting words) được sử dụng phổ biến trong tiếng Anh

Từ nối (Connecting words) đóng một vai trò quan trọng với cấu trúc câu hoàn chỉnh trong tiếng Anh. Bài viết sau đây sẽ tổng hợp các từ, cụm từ nối phổ biến.

1. Ý nghĩa của các từ nối (connecting words)

Trong tiếng Anh, khi muốn biểu hiện cùng một ý nghĩa, mục đích, có thể sử dụng (conjunction) hoặc các từ nối (connector). Vậy thì trước hết hãy cùng tìm hiểu sự khác biệt của hai dạng từ này nhé. 

  • Conjunction (liên từ) là từ dùng nối câu hoặc nối từ, thường đứng sau một dấu “,” hoặc không cần đến.
  • Connector (từ nối) thường dùng để nối câu, dùng giữa hai loại dấu.

1.1 Nhóm chỉ sự bổ sung thông tin

Conjunction:    

  • and, and also.... và... 
  • as well as.... cùng như 
  • both ... and ... : vừa ... vừa ... 
  • not only... but also ... không những ... mà còn... 

Connector:     

  • Moreover = Furthermore: hơn thế nữa 
  • In addition: thêm vào đó 
  • Besides: ngoài ra 
  • What's more: hơn thế 

1.2 Nhóm chỉ thông tin trái ngược 

Conjunction:

  • but, yet: nhưng 
  • số đếm: one, two…; số thứ tự: second…; whereas: trái lại…

Collector:     

  • However = Netherless: tuy nhiên, nhưng 
  • On the other hand: mặt khác 
  • In contrast; trái lại 
  • On the contrary: ngược lại 

1.3 Thông tin kết quả (vì vậy, do đó...) 

Conjunction:

  • so, thus, hence: vì vậy 

Connector:     

  • Therefore: vì vậy 
  • As a result: kết quả là 
  • Consequently: kết quả là 
  • Accordingly: do đó 

2. Một số bài tập sử dụng từ nối (connecting words) 

Bài 1: Complete each of the following sentences with a suitable preposition. 

1. Hazardous gases refer to all kinds ____________________ gas that can be potential harmful to humans in certain concentrations. 

2. The ship's refrigeration and air conditioning plants are designed _______________________ achieve no ozone depletion. 

3. Nuclear waste can cause serious damage to the environment if not disposed ___________________ properly. 

4. In the UK, poor air quality is responsible ____________________ some 40,000 deaths each year.

5. The government team ____________________ charge of promoting energy conservation has no campaign budget and with three members to handle the issue nationwide, are short of staff. 

6. Biomass typically refers ____________________ biofuels that are obtained through biological processes such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion. 

7. Everyday, the world produces carbon dioxide that is released to the earths atmosphere and which will still be there ____________________ one hundred years time. 

8. Mankind has been crazy to have not bothered ____________________ harness the sun's energy until now. 

9. Business can now take advantage ______________________ different suppliers of both gas and electricity and shop for the most economical. 

10. ____________________ a gut level, many people already grasp the key difference between fossil fuels and renewable energy. 

Bài 2: Choose the word or phrase from the box that best fits the blank space in the following passage. 

  • Otherwise         
  • Although         
  • For example         
  • Instead of         
  • Thanks to 

1. ____________________ some clever and concerned architects, this image is starting to change the concept of green cities aims to bring some beauty from rural environments into urban areas. 

2. ______________________ filling its area with office buildings, Portland has plenty of green space for activities. 

3. ____________________ we are all aware of the effects of oil on seabirds, oil is also extremely toxic to marine life. 

4. Today there is a strong emphasis on the halt of CFC usage. CFCS, ____________________ known as chloro-fluoro-carbons, are ozone depleting chemicals. 

5. The smoke in the atmosphere, ____________________, is increasing so much that the amount of sunlight has been reduced in many cities. 

Bài 3: Choose the correct words in the box to complete the sentences. 

  • needs of     
  • dispose of         
  • pay off         
  • distributed on         
  • took hold 
  • accompanied by     
  • for granted         
  • absorbed into         
  • in part         
  • associated with 

1. Green products are biodegradable or easily reused either ____________________ or as a whole. 

2. Sea level rise ____________________ climate change could displace tens of millions of people in low-lying areas - especially in developing countries. 

3. A number of World War II munitions exploded as wildfires ____________________ in a forest around 40 miles southwest of Berlin, Raimund Engel. 

4. In explosive eruptions, the fragmented rock may be ____________________ ash and gases; in effusive eruptions, degassing is common but ash is usually not. 

5. Most of us take heating and cooling ____________________.

6. Engage students in thinking about how water is ____________________ Earth.

7. Water that falls on the ground can run off into streams or it can be ________________________ the ground. Students may also say that water can evaporate. 

8. You cannot sell them or ____________________ them without the permission of the finance company.

9. Sustainable energy is energy that meets the ____________________ the present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. 

10. In many areas, including much of Alabama, an investment for sustainable energy sources will ____________________ in just a few short years. 

Đáp án: 

Bài 1: Complete each of the following sentences with a suitable preposition. 

1. Hazardous gases refer to all kinds _____of____ gas that can be potential harmful to humans in certain concentrations. 

2. The ship's refrigeration and air conditioning plants are designed ______to_____ achieve no ozone depletion. 

3. Nuclear waste can cause serious damage to the environment if not disposed ____ of _____ properly. 

4. In the UK, poor air quality is responsible _____for______ some 40,000 deaths each year.

5. The government team ______in_____ charge of promoting energy conservation has no campaign budget and with three members to handle the issue nationwide, are short of staff. 

6. Biomass typically refers _____to_____ biofuels that are obtained through biological processes such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion. 

7. Everyday, the world produces carbon dioxide that is released to the earths atmosphere and which will still be there _____in_____ one hundred years time. 

8. Mankind has been crazy to have not bothered ______to____ harness the sun's energy until now. 

9. Business can now take advantage ______of____ different suppliers of both gas and electricity and shop for the most economical. 

10. _____On______ a gut level, many people already grasp the key difference between fossil fuels and renewable energy. 

Bài 2:

1. ____ Thanks to  _____ some clever and concerned architects, this image is starting to change the concept of green cities aims to bring some beauty from rural environments into urban areas. 

2. ___ Instead of _____ filling its area with office buildings, Portland has plenty of green space for activities. 

3. _____ Although ____ we are all aware of the effects of oil on seabirds, oil is also extremely toxic to marine life. 

4. Today there is a strong emphasis on the halt of CFC usage. CFCS, ____ Otherwise ____ known as chloro-fluoro-carbons, are ozone depleting chemicals. 

5. The smoke in the atmosphere, _____ For example _____, is increasing so much that the amount of sunlight has been reduced in many cities. 

Bài 3:

1. Green products are biodegradable or easily reused either ______ in part _____ or as a whole. 

2. Sea level rise ____ associated with _____ climate change could displace tens of millions of people in low-lying areas - especially in developing countries. 

3. A number of World War II munitions exploded as wildfires _____ took hold _____ in a forest around 40 miles southwest of Berlin, Raimund Engel. 

4. In explosive eruptions, the fragmented rock may be ____ accompanied by ____ ash and gases; in effusive eruptions, degassing is common but ash is usually not. 

5. Most of us take heating and cooling _____ for granted ____.

6. Engage students in thinking about how water is ___ distributed on ____ Earth.

7. Water that falls on the ground can run off into streams or it can be _____ absorbed into  _______ the ground. Students may also say that water can evaporate. 

8. You cannot sell them or _____ dispose of  _____ them without the permission of the finance company.

9. Sustainable energy is energy that meets the _____ needs of  ____ the present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. 

10. In many areas, including much of Alabama, an investment for sustainable energy sources will ___ pay off __ in just a few short years. 

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